The Truth About Divorce
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The Truth About Divorce

Divorce is embedded in our legal system and culture. In this article I cover some background, the current status, after effects, and how to prevent divorce. I spell it out in a way that lays the facts on the table. Some of these facts are hidden in the mainstream media. If you are going to make an informed decision, you need to have a thorough understanding, and that is what I aim to provide.

Truth about Divorce

A Background on Divorce

Marriage and family make up the very essence of a community and civilization. Even in ancient times there were problems between men and women in marriage. Since women did not have many rights, the man of the house usually had the right to divorce if the wife displeased him. In biblical times, divorce was frowned upon, but allowed in certain conditions.

During the colonization period of the 1800’s, and the rise of legal contracts, marriage started to shift away from a religious and societal bond to more of a legal or civil bond.  An early feminist, Elizabeth Cady Stanton, supported divorce proclaiming, “With the education and elevation of women, we shall have a mighty sundering of the unholy ties that hold men and women together who loathe and despise each other” (Riley, 1991: 73).

In the twentieth century, the concept of marriage changed dramatically with the rise of feminism and women’s rights. In 1969 when no-fault divorce became law, divorce spiked to the highest levels, diminishing the sanctity of marriage. In many states, no-fault divorce can be initiated and completed by request of just 1 partner. As women earn a more equal economic footing, the marriage arrangement is changing even further making the marriage bond one based on equality rather than dependence.

The bottom line is people who are happily married don't divorce. Mark Jala Click to Tweet

Biblical Grounds for Divorce

Many look to the Bible for spiritual knowledge. Since marriage has long been a religious event administered by clergy, the Bible has often been referred to for matters of marriage and divorce. In Malachi 2:16 God says “I hate divorce.” Often when marriage vows are given we hear that in marriage a man and a women become one flesh, and man is not to divide what God has made one. In the New Testament, however we see 2 conditions for divorce. In Matthew 5:32 and 19:9, God allows for divorce in the event of immorality. In 1 Corinthians 7:15, if an unbeliever separates from a believer, the believer is allowed to divorce. In both cases, it is allowed, but with the full knowledge that God still hates divorce and it should be the last measure.

The Current Status of Divorce

Divorce is very popular, especially now with baby boomers. Culture and legal arrangements have diminished the importance of marriage and popularized divorce and cohabitation. The Hollywood influence has not helped marriage as many in the entertainment industry seem to get married and divorced faster than rabbits reproduce. We hear it every day as “Conscious Uncoupling” or some other trendy phrase to make it sound so loving and sweet.

The fact is, divorce today is 60% higher than it was in 1960. The most reliable statistic is the one that measures divorce per 1,000 population. In 1960, there were 2.2 divorces per 1,000 population. In 2011, the last figure from the CDC US Government agency, was 3.6 per 1,000 population, an uptick from 3.5 the 2 prior years.

Marriage and Divorce Rate

We often hear a figure that divorce is 50%. That is incorrect. The truth is that we don’t know what the real percentage is because no one tracks enough data to determine that figure. The last government figure is from 2011 and even that does not include data from 6 states including California. Since the percent of divorces is a figure that cannot be reliably determined, Happy Marriage Coaching uses the raw figure of number per 1,000 population.

When we live in an unhappy marriage where there is pain and frustration on a daily basis, it often seems that it can’t be any worse. There are real situations when divorce is recommended and folks in that situation need to get the best advice on how to proceed. However, we know that many divorce because it has become inconvenient or hard to reconcile differences. The effort to fix matters appears to be greater than the alternative. Education and resources are factors whether or not to pursue fixing what is broken, or ditch the marriage and divorce. Before a decision is made to divorce, one needs to understand what the consequences are of such actions. The next section offers that information.

The Effects of Divorce

Recent research spells out surprising consequences for the divorced. We now know that divorce has long-lasting negative psychological and physical consequences. Today we are reaping the consequences of the divorce boom of the 1970’s and 1980’s. These are results as they were found in the populations studied. The results found below do not mean every divorced person will have the same consequences. It does mean that divorced people have a higher frequency of these results.

Impact on Adults:

  • Nearly every type of terminal cancer strikes divorced individuals of either sex at higher rates.
  • Premature death due to pneumonia for divorced men is more than 7 times that of their married counterparts.
  • Divorced men have 9 times the rate of psychiatric outpatient visits compared to married men and 21 times the rate of psychiatric hospital admissions.
  • Divorced women have a 5 times higher rate of psychiatric care than married women.
  • Married people live longer, healthier lives. The mortality rate for non-married adults is 50% higher for women, and 250% for men.
  • Married people are happier. About 40% of married people report being very happy with their lives, compared with 18% of divorced, 15% of separated, 22% of widowed, and 22% of cohabiting people.
  • Religious worship, which has been linked to better health, longer marriages, and better Family life, drops after the parents divorce.

Impact on Children:

  • Children not living in intact, married households have far higher rates of delinquency, youth crime, alcohol and drug use. Those from father-absent families are twice as likely to be in jail as those from two-parent families.
  • Children living with a single mother are six times more likely to live in poverty as those who live with two biological parents.
  • Children not living with both parents are about twice as likely to drop out of high school, and to have behavioral or psychological problems, while children of married parents tend to be more academically successful and emotionally stable.
  • Adolescents not living with their biological parents are more likely to have out-of-wedlock sexual intercourse, birth, and then become single-parents. Today, one of every four American teenage girls aged 14-19 is infected with a sexually transmitted disease.
  • Children who grow up with divorced parents have a higher acceptance of divorce, and even expect divorce in their lifetime.

The Next Marriage

  • Divorced couples do not learn from the prior marriage
  • Married couples for the 2nd time have a higher divorce rate than 1st time married couples
  • Married couples for the 3rd time have higher divorce rates than 2nd time married couples

How to Prevent Divorce

Research of divorced couples looking back on their prior marriage offers plenty of insight. Here are some of the findings:

  • Show your partner that you love and care about them. (Learn the 5 Love Languages from Dr. Gary Chapman)
  • Money matters. Discuss it. (Devise a money plan and budget)
  • Leave the past behind you. (Live in the present and be mindful)
  • Don’t play the blame game. (Take personal responsibility for your actions and work with your partner)
  • Communication is key. (You MUST make time every day for quality time with your spouse. 38 minutes every day?!)

The bottom line is people who are happily married don’t divorce. There are many things you can do today to be happy both individually and in marriage. Here are three tips I suggest which can be found on this website.

  1. Have family dinners 5 or more times per week and use that time together to build a happy family.
  2. Learn from the best practices of top marriage experts. They know what works and what doesn’t. Follow their advice.
  3. Focus on what you can do to make your spouse happy. Be aware of their needs and provide them. They will recipricate love back to you.

Let me know your thoughts. I’d like to hear your comments below.

Mark Jala
 

Mark Jala is a certified marriage coach, researcher, and consumer advocate. Mark bases all of his strategies and programs on verifiable research from top marriage experts. Certified in strategic interventions, Mark's holistic approach to marriage coaching gets to the root of problems, assuring long-term success.

  • Maria says:

    Dear Mr. Jala,

    reading your article made me feel “secure”. That is a pleasant feeling.

    At the end of the day, what most women want (99% ?) is to be part of a united family, with a husband and happy children. Being part of a family makes us feel secure, because family members are there to collaborate and contribute to the well being of the group.

    I am myself divorced, unfortunately. My husband declared he was getting separated in the Fall of 2015, and the divorce was signed quickly, the following Spring. Our children were 13 and 15 when he made his official announcement.

    Looking back, I now have the impression that ending up having a “happy marriage” is something that needs to be orchestrated and strategically planned from a very young age, with the help of parents/family/community. We somewhat need to guide our children towards having healthy relationships throughout their lives. It’s complicated. My ex-husband has never been respectful towards me, not even before the children were born. When he talked about having children the first time, I was completely ecstatic. He is extremely talented and intelligent, and I knew he would be successful and able to provide for our children. And I was right. We are both professionals, but I could have stopped working altogether and he would have earned enough money to pay the bills. I never stopped working, but worked part time, which gave me a lot of time to take care of the children.

    My ex-husband has never been nice to me, but he has always been nice to everybody else. I really tried to do everything in my power to satisfy my ex-husband’s needs, I really did. He was a very dominant man, and I let him dominate. I am convinced now that he never had the intention of having a life-long marriage with me. He choose me to have children. He wanted a surrogate mother, not a wife. When our second and youngest child was 2 years old, he started talking about getting separated. And his threats lasted for a bit more than 10 years, before he finally declared his unilateral decision of ending our relationship. This was his second divorce. Statistics do say that second mariages are associated to a higher divorce rate.

    In our modern world (especially in developed countries where people have more money and resources), couples have very little social pressure to keep families united. When my ex-husband announced his decision to get separated, the majority of people reacted as if the situation was completely normal. His family members smile when our paths cross, as if nothing had changed. On the other hand, during the past 2 years, none of them has spoken to me, not even once. They don’t call, but they smile when they see me. Most of the people in our surroundings also do as if this is all normal. Even our 2 children have quickly adapted to moving between two houses every weekend. The only ones who have had empathy on my behalf are my siblings and parents. This is a definite indicator that there is a difference between “relatives from marriage” vs “natural relatives”. We have to be careful not to depend too much on “relatives from mariage”. I have never complained about the divorce in front of my children, and that will not change. I do as if their father doesn’t exist any more. I know that this attitude is filled with disdain, but it is the least I can do. If I didn’t hate my ex-husband (in silence), I would hate myself, which would be even worse.

    I don’t have the impression that my husband’s profile is similar to the profile of other men that have gotten separated. What is similar though, is the fact that the community does not expect families to remain united anymore.

    It is very useful to talk about statistics. Children who grow up in united families have less problems than those whose parents publicly despise each other. This doesn’t mean that parents who live in a united family always love each other, but it does mean that they deal with their problems behind closed doors instead of exposing them publicly.

    Finally, I wish you have a lot of success keeping families united, Mr Jala. If more children live in a harmonious household, our society will probably be a safer place to live.

    Best regards,
    Maria

    • Mark Jala says:

      Thank you, Maria, for a very thorough and kind comment. There are folks who do not marry for the long-term. Some marry to just have children while others marry just to have some fun before settling down. It sounds like you know what to do going forward. I wish you the very best. Please let me know if there is anything I can do to help.

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